affective spectrum
bipolar disorder
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Affective Spectrum

The bipolar disorder is a mood disorder, or an "affective disorder." It was discovered by Hudson and Pope at McLean Hospital in the U.S., that people with affective disorders had a high degree of other certain disorders as well. There seemed to be some connection. 

Affective disorders did not appear to come alone but came with other disorders, thus the term "affective spectrum."

Some people believe that IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) is not related to mental health disorders for example. However IBS, according to the affective spectrum, may come with an affective disorder. 

The Current Listing


The following have been identified (so far) as part of the medical spectrum which may accompany affective disorders. 

  • attention deficit disorder (ADD & ADHD) 
  • body dysmorphic disorder 
  • cataplexy 
  • eating disorders (bulimia, anorexia, binging) 
  • fibromyalgia (includes chronic fatigue) 
  • impulse-control disorders
  • irritable bowel syndrome 
  • kleptomania 
  • migraine/severe headache 
  • narcolepsy 
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder 
  • panic disorder 
  • Tourette's disorder 

The following may also be a part of the spectrum accompanying affective disorders. 

  • anxiety disorders 
  • autism 
  • chronic pain 
  • intermittent explosive disorder 
  • pathological gambling 
  • pyromania 
  • personality disorders 
  • post traumatic stress disorder 
  • substance abuse and addiction (includes alcoholism) 
  • trichotillomania

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